Combining Elements in One Component

If you want to place multiple elements between parentheses, it's best to combine these elements in one component. It can also make sense to combine elements in a component if a certain type of punctuation should appear in front of both elements but the two elements do not always have any entry for each reference in the project. For example, a colon should appear between the place of publication and the publisher. If a reference does not have a place of publication, a comma should appear in front of the publisher instead.

1 On the Component menu, click New.

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2 Drag each element to the main editing pane.

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3 Define the formatting for each element. In this example, not all publishers should appears in the bibliography.

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4 Since elements in a combined component no longer have their own Punctuation before and Punctuation after fields, text elements should be used instead for punctuation such as colons. Use "Apply when" to make sure these text elements only appear when these fields actually have entries.

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5 To make changes to the properties of the component as a whole, double-click a blank area of the main editing pane (highlighted here in yellow).

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6 Give the component a new name. Use the name placeholders: {0} is used for the first element, {1} for the second, etc. Text ­elements do not have a name placeholder.

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7 Drag the new component where you want it to appear. Change the Punctuation before field if you want.

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