Page Numbers, formatting

In many reference types, you must include the page numbers of the work, for example journal articles, newspaper articles, and contributions in edited books. Citation styles format page numbers in myriad ways. For example:

The whole page range with an en-dash:

Abbrievated final page number with an en-dash:

First page only:

Page range with the "p." prefix and an en-dash:
p. 357–389

Page range with the "pp." prefix and a hypen:
pp. 357-389

Just the first page with the "ff." abbreviation to designate following pages.
p. 357 ff.



To avoid line breaks appearing after the prefix or before the suffix, enter non-breaking spaces by pressing Ctrl+Spacebar rather than just the Spacebar.