Finding Citation Styles

Citavi offers many citation styles for the author guidelines of journals, publishing houses, and academic ogranizations.

You can find out how to switch to a new style in the chapter Changing Citation Styles. In the chapter About Citation Styles you can find out how to request a new citation style.

Citation methods

Citation styles vary by the method they employ:



Citation methods


In-text citation: Author Year


In-text citation: Superscript numbers
In the order cited

American Medical Association

In-text citation: Superscript numbers
Bibliography sorted alphabetically

CSE Council of Science Editors

In-text citation: Number in parentheses
In the order cited


In-text citation: Number in parentheses
Bibliography sorted alphabetically

Renal Physiology

In-text citation: Number in brackets
In the order cited

Springer Basic Number

In-text citation: Number in brackets
Bibliography sorted alphabetically

Springer Soc Psych Number

In-text citation: Citation key

LNI (en)

Footnotes: Author Year


Footnotes: Full citation

Chicago Manual of Style (Notes)

Footnotes: Citation key

Oxford (Author-Title)


This PDF file lists some of the most commonly used citation styles with examples.

Finding Citation Styles

Sometimes you will want to find a citation style based on its characteristics. For example, author names should appear with bold formatting in the bibliography and names of periodicals should appear in italics. The Citation Style Finder helps you select a style close to your requirements from the many styles available. You can then use the style you find directly or make a few small changes to it so that the style reflects your guidelines.

1.On the Citation menu, click Citation style > Browse citation styles.

2.Click Find and add style.

3.Click Advanced search.

4.Choose the style by selecting various Criteria. As you select more answers the number of styles displayed decreases.


Let's say you're looking for a citation style that inserts reference numbers in the text and formats journal articles as follows:

Doe J, Miller PR, Smith A. A question of style. Journ of Acad Writing. 2008; 1: 88–92.

The options you would choose to find a style like this are marked with asterisks: *:

Style language?
English* | German | French etc.

Where should the full source information appear?
Any | In-text citations and bibliography* | Footnotes and bibliography | Footnotes only

What format do in-text citations or footnotes have?
Any* | Author date, e.g. (Smith 2008) | Reference numbers, e.g. [14] | Reference numbers, e.g. [14]

How are reference numbers assigned?
Any* | In the order cited | In the order of the bibliography

In what order do last and first names appear in bibliography entries?
Any | Last name only | Last name first name* | First name last name

What punctuation is used to separate author names?
Any | Comma* | Semicolon | Slash | Other

How are last names formatted?
Any | No formatting | Bold* | Italics | Small caps

How do first names appear?
Any | Full: Jane Marie | Abbreviated: J. M. | Abbreviated, no periods: J M | Abbreviated, compact: J.M. | Abbreviated, compact, no periods: JM*

How are book titles formatted?
Any* | Plain | Plain and in quotation marks | Italicized | Italicized and in quotation marks

Should the publisher be listed?
Any* | Yes | No

Should editions be given?
Any* | Yes | Yes, in superscript in front of the year of publication

How are journal article titles formatted in bibliography entries?
Any | Plain* | Plain and in quotation marks | Italicized | Italicized and in quotation marks

How are periodical names formatted in bibliography entries?
Any | Full name | Full name, italicized | Abbreviated name | Abbreviated name, italicized*