"Ibid." and "Cf."

Using "Ibid" for Repeated Citations

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When using a footnote style you may only want a complete citation the first time a source is cited. If the source is cited two times in a row you may want to use "ibid." If the reference is cited later on in the document, you may just want to use a shortened form of the citation.

1 Brian Wansink: Why we eat more than we think. New York 2006, p. 14.

2 Ibid., p. 24.

3 John S. Allen: The omnivorous mind: our evolving relationship with food. Cambridge, Mass. 2012, p. 98-99.

4 Wasink, Why we eat, p. 104-105.

The citation style you select determines whether "ibid." or "ibidem" is applied. You just have to choose the right style, for example "Chicago 16th (notes)".


This FAQ article offers solutions for common questions regarding Ibid. citation styles.




Using Cf. for Indirect Quotations

play_video_now Video: Using "Ibid" for Citations

In your citation style you can tell Citavi to automatically insert "cf." or "see" in front of indirect quotations. Open the style in the Citation Style Editor and click File > Citation style properties > Quotation affixes. Enter the prefix you want to use for indirect quotations.

If you have not been saving quotations in Citavi, you might want to insert "cf." or "see" in front of a reference inserted into your document. In the Word Add-In, select the reference you want and then click Insert advanced. Enter "cf." or "see" in the Prefix field. You can also add "cf." or "see" later on by selecting the citation on the Citations tab and then entering the prefix in the Prefix field.